Francisco Pizarro

Manuscritos y Publicaciones

Dead Man Do Tell Tales

The Strange and Fascinating Cases of a Forensic Anthropologist

By William R. Maples, Ph.D. and Michael Browing

From a skeleton, a skull, a mere fragment of burnt thighbone, Dr. William Maples can deduce the age, gender, and ethnicity of a murder victim, the manner in which the person was dispatched, and ultimately, the identity of the killer.

In Dead Men Do Tell Tales, Dr. Maples revisits his strangest, most interesting, and most horrific investigations, from the baffling cases of conquistador Francisco Pizarro and Vietnam MIAs to the mysterious deaths of President Zachary Taylor and the family of Czar Nicholas II.

Publication: “Dead Man Do Tell Tales”

By William R. Maples, Ph.D. and Michael Browing

Publish by DOUBLEDAY

ISBN 0-385-47968-9 

Page 207  - The Misplaced Conquistador


Por el Dr. Hugo Ludeña

Entre los documentos históricos más antiguos e importantes que se refieren a los restos de Don Francisco Pizarro, el Fundador de la Ciudad de Lima, están las Actas que se hicieron en 1544, en 1606 y 1610 sobre la exhumación de sus restos realizada ante el Escribano Público y del Concejo de la ciudad de Lima, Joan Franco, el 21 de enero de 1544 y las Actas de 1606 para el traslado de sus huesos de la antigua catedral a na nueva.





By John Hemming

National Geographic - February 1992

VOL. 181, NO.2  - Pages 120 - 121

..... Across the Plaza de Armas de Lima stands the city’s cathedral. Hugo Ludeña, an archaeologist passionately interested in Pizarro, led me down into the brick vaults beneath the cathedral. He showed me an alcove.

“This had been bricked over.” Ludeña told me. “In 1977, workmen repairing the vault broke through the bricks and found coffins and a lead box behind. Imagine our excitement to find that the box contained a skull damaged by wounds, a jaw bone, and the hilt of a sword. Carved on the box lid was the inscription: ‘Here is the head of the Marquis don Francisco Pizarro, who discovered and won the kingdoms of Peru and brought them under the royal Crown of Castille.’ ”

One coffin contained a jumble of bones belonging to five individuals. Two of these were children, possibly Pizarro’s; two of his children are known to have died shortly after their father. One of the victims may have been Martin de Alcantara, who was killed fighting beside his half brother. But the most interesting bones belonged to an elderly man of 5 feet 9 inches. These bones and the skull show vicious wounds. An elbow has been sliced off. Teeth sockets are fractured.

It is generally agreed that these bones are the remains of Francisco Pizarro. The cathedral’s canons have moved them to an ornate, glass-fronted tomb in a chapel, but few visitors notice the memorial to the tough old soldier who destroyed the empire of the Inca.

John Hemming

Is one of the world's experts on Brazilian Indians, the Amazon environment, the Incas, Peruvian archaeology, The Royal Geographical Society, and the history of exploration generally.


Page 216 - Chapter 13

..... The workmen had hitherto kept silent about their discovery. One cannot help but suspect that if the casket had been made of silver it would have been stolen and melted down, and its contents lost forever. But when, after rubbing the metal, they found it was nothing more precious than lead, the men decided to inform church officials and get credit for the discovery. The authorities immediately called on Dr. Hugo Ludeña, a distinguished Peruvian historian, to investigate the matter. Ludeña in turn brought in other scholars: Dr. Pedro Weiss, an internationally known Peruvian physician and anthropologist who has a fascinating collection of Inca skulls, and two radiologists, Dr. Oscar Soto and his wife, Dr. Ladis Soto.

Ludeña, Weiss and the Sotos concurred in their opinion that the skull in the lead casket belonged to Pizarro, but their findings were hotly disputed by other Peruvian scholars, who insisted the mummy in the glass sarcophagus had to be genuine. Dr. Ludeña approached Dr. Robert Benfer, a colleague of mine who teaches anthropology at the University of Missouri and who has excavated many prehistoric Peruvian burials, asking him to look at the remains. Bob suggested that I collaborate because of my forensic experience. I made two trips to Lima in early 1984 to examine the bones and, on July 4, 1984, we also participated in the opening of the sarcophagus, the removal of the mummy and its examination in the cathedral library.



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Francisco Pizarro info

“Francisco Pizarro” El Hombre Desconocido”

Por: Dra. María del Carmen Martín Rubio

Año de publicación:2014


Las Biografías de Francisco Pizarro

Francisco Pizarro:

El Símbolo Secreto (Spanish) – 2014

Por Hugo R. Ludeña , 113 pages. 1st edition (2014), Lima, Perú. 

ISBN: 978-612-4238-01-7

Publisher: Hugo Ludeña Universidad Nacional Federico Villarreal.